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Eczema

Description

A chronic skin disorder characterized by red, itchy, cracked and rough skin, which can exacerbate any time. It can occur at any age and may be associated with other diseases i.e. asthma, hay fever, etc.

There are 7 types of eczema:

  1. Atopic dermatitis - it is the most common type and usually occurs in childhood, associated with asthma and hay fever.
  2. Contact dermatitis - caused due to touching a substance. Contact dermatitis can be classified as allergic contact dermatitis, an immune reaction due to contact with an allergic substance, and irritant contact dermatitis, it occurs when the skin is irritated by any chemical or substance.
  3. Dyshidrotic eczema - it appears as itchy blisters on hands and feet.
  4. Nummular eczema - it has a coin-shaped appearance.
  5. Seborrheic dermatitis - an inflammatory condition of areas having sebaceous glands (oil-producing glands) that causes the skin to become itchy and flaky.
  6. Stasis dermatitis - it occurs when fluid leaks out veins due to poor circulation.
  7. Neurodermatitis - it causes thick scaly patches to appear on the skin

 

There is no permanent cure for eczema, only symptomatic treatment is done to relieve the symptoms.

Causes

There are various causes of eczema include:

  • Genetic factors,
  • A suppressed immune system,
  • environmental factors,
  • Contact with allergen or chemical e.g. bleach, detergent, latex, etc.
  • Stress,
  • Dry skin,
  • Fluid leakage from veins into the skin
  • Insect bite etc.
Risk factors

Following are some of the risk factors:

  • Family history of eczema,
  • allergies,
  • Asthma,
  • Hay fever,
  • Contact with chemicals,
  • Environmental irritants
Symptoms

Symptoms of eczema vary in every individual, these include:

  • Dry, itchy,
  • Red, scaly,
  • Swollen skin,
  • Blisters and cracks,
  • Open sores,
  • Rash 
Diagnosis

Generally, doctors diagnose eczema by looking at the condition of the skin, taking proper history, and by doing a patch test for allergy.

Management

There’s no permanent cure for eczema, symptomatic treatment is done in order to relieve the symptoms and prevent future infections. Following measures are taken for the management of eczema:

  • Antihistamines for itching,
  • Corticosteroids to reduce inflammation,
  • Antibiotics to treat infections,
  • Topical immunomodulators are used to reduce the response of the immune system that causes exacerbations.
  • Light therapy for healing rash,
  • Moisturizing skin.
When to consult a doctor?

Consult your doctor when:

  • No improvement in signs and symptoms is observed,
  • Eczema aggravates,
  • You experience fever, redness, and blisters

 

Available Medicine for Eczema

Dermovate Cream 20g 0.05%

Rs.89.67

GlaxoSmithKline

Beltapro 0.50%

Rs.44

Tabroos

Biovate 0.50%

Rs.42.75

Wisdom

Biovate 0.50%

Rs.36

Wisdom

Biovate 0.50%

Rs.15

Wisdom

Clinovate 0.50%

Rs.38

Wisdom

Clobeta 0.50%

Rs.29

Saffron

Clobeta 0.50%

Rs.15

Saffron

Clobetol 0.50%

Rs.23.54

Valor

Clobetol 0.50%

Rs.44

Valor

Clobetol 0.50%

Rs.33

Valor

Clobetol 0.50%

Rs.13

Valor

Clobevate 0.50%

Rs.16

GlaxoSmithKline

Covate 0.50%

Rs.41

Crystolite Pharma

Lobate 0.50%

Rs.30

Medisearch

Norzy 0.50%

Rs.45

Epoch

Primovate 0.50%

Rs.44

Pearl

V-Derm 0.50%

Rs.25

Vega

V-Derm 0.50%

Rs.23

Vega

Batelo 0.50%

Rs.13

Medisure

Beltapro 0.50%

Rs.44

Tabroos

Beltapro 0.50%

Rs.38

Tabroos

Beltapro 0.50%

Rs.44

Tabroos

Beltapro 0.50%

Rs.130.6

Tabroos

Beltapro 0.50%

Rs.16

Tabroos

Clobederm 0.05%

Rs.17.6

Atco

Clobederm 0.05%

Rs.17.6

Atco

Clobeta 0.50%

Rs.29

Saffron

Clobeta 0.50%

Rs.16

Saffron

Clobetol 0.005

Rs.16

Valor

Clobetol 0.005

Rs.23

Valor

Clobetrex 0.50%

Rs.48

Dermagen

Clobetrex 0.50%

Rs.48

Dermagen

Cortiderm 0.50%

Rs.25

Epla

Covate 0.50%

Rs.105

Crystolite Pharma

Emovate 0.50%

Rs.29

Derma Techno

Lobate 0.50%

Rs.18

Medisearch

Mediclob 0.50%

Rs.13

Macquins

Norzy 0.50%

Rs.48

Epoch

Norzy 0.50%

Rs.16

Epoch

Norzy 0.50%

Rs.15

Epoch

Primovate 0.50%

Rs.59.49

Pearl

V-Derm 0.50%

Rs.13

Vega

V-Derm 0.50%

Rs.13

Vega

Nerisone-C 0.1%|1%

Rs.261.73

Bayer

Travocort Cream 0.1/1%

Rs.175

Bayer

Nerisone 0.10%

Rs.261.73

Bayer

Nerisone 0.3%

Rs.287.9

Bayer

Nerison Cream 10gm

Rs.80

Bayer

Synalar 30gm

Rs.125

Pharma Health

Derma Smooth 0.01%

Rs.227.1

Valor

Dermolone 0.025%

Rs.37

Vega

Dermolone 0.025%

Rs.37

Vega

Dermolone 0.025%

Rs.37

Vega

Flucin 0.025%

Rs.70

Bio Labs

Synalar 0.00025

Rs.111

Mass-PH Health

Synalar 0.00025

Rs.160

Mass-PH Health

Synalar 0.00025

Rs.56.65

Mass-PH Health

Synalar-C 0.00025

Rs.71

Mass-PH Health

Synalar 0.00025

Rs.142

Mass-PH Health

Top Gel MCA 0.00025

Rs.87.85

Valor

Retrieve cream 15gm

Rs.100

Pharma Health

Trimelasin 30gm

Rs.277.78

Valor-Al Hameed

Duofilm 15ml

Rs.359.37

GlaxoSmithKline