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Anxiety

Description

Anxiety is a very common emotional disorder characterized by feelings of uneasiness, tension, or fear accompanied by physical changes like increased heart rate or shortness of breath. Although feelings of fear and tension are a normal part of life, chronicity of these feelings in anxiety is harmful to the patient’s mental health. It is a very serious condition and needs to be treated to prevent worsening of the condition. It has the following types:

 

  1. Panic disorder: Sudden and severe attacks of terror.
  2. Phobia: Intense fear of an object or situation.
  3. Obsessive-compulsive disorder: Unwanted thoughts leading to repeated activities.
  4. Social anxiety disorder: Fear of negative judgment by others.
  5. Post-traumatic stress disorder: Anxiety related to physical or emotional trauma.
Causes

Although the exact causes of anxiety are not clear, studies have found a relation with:

 

  • Genetics: Anxiety runs in the family
  • Environmental factors: Stress, tension, or life issues.
  • Underlying medical conditions: Heart diseases, diabetes, thyroid problems, or breathing problems.
  • Imbalance of brain hormones
  • Physical or emotional trauma.
Risk factors

Following factors may increase the risk of developing anxiety:

- Alcohol or smoking withdrawal

- Suffering from illnesses  

- Trauma (loss of a loved one, abuse, family tension)

- Genetics (if a blood relative also suffers from anxiety)

- Sex (women are more commonly affected)  

- Socioeconomic and ethnic factors.

Symptoms

Anxiety attack is the brain’s way of handling a stressful situation and it involves both physical and psychological symptoms such as:

  • Constant worry and fear
  • Nausea
  • Dizziness
  • Shortness of breath
  • Difficulty concentrating
  • Trouble sleeping
  • Heart palpitations (increased heart rate)
  • Unable relax
  • Redness of skin
  • Weakness
  • Rapid breathing
Diagnosis

A medical professional will do a physical examination and run a few tests to determine any medical illness associated with the symptoms. If there is no underlying medical illness, you will be referred to a psychologist who will ask some questions to evaluate the reason and triggers that might be causing anxiety.

Management

Management of anxiety depends upon its severity. Mild anxiety may not need any treatment. Management includes:

 

  • Lifestyle modification: Your doctor may recommend you to follow a healthy diet, avoid drugs and smoking, sleep well, and include exercise in daily routine.
  • Counseling: Counseling or talk therapy has been found very effective for the treatment of anxiety.
  • Medicines: Buspirone (Anti-anxiety), anti-depressants, and benzodiazepines are used to treat symptoms of anxiety.
When to consult a doctor?

A doctor should be consulted if:

  • There are no improvements in the symptoms with the recommended treatment.
  • In case of a sudden episode of anxiety that escalates rapidly in intensity and doesn’t go away on its own.
  • In case of suicidal thoughts, seek medical assistance right away.

 

Available Medicine for Anxiety

Alp 0.25mg

Rs.51

Hilton

Alp 0.5mg

Rs.64.56

Hilton

Zolam 0.5mg

Rs.42.66

Sante

Azolam 0.5mg

Rs.55.5

Martin Dow

Zenith

Rs.4.16

Ferozsons

Praz 0.5mg

Rs.55

Scilife

Axal 0.25mg

Rs.36.66

Amson

Axal 0.5mg

Rs.66.33

Amson

Axal 1mg

Rs.98.33

Amson

Xanax 0.25mg

Rs.52.49

Pfizer

Xanax 0.5mg

Rs.73.27

Pfizer

Nervin 0.25mg

Rs.34.35

Werick

Neuxam 0.5 mg

Rs.70.19

Stand Pharm

Lampro 0.5 mg

Rs.151.26

Saffron

Lampro 0.25 mg

Rs.97.22

Saffron

Alprazolam 0.5mg

Rs.52.67

Pacific Pharma

Nervin 0.5mg

Rs.43.6

Werick

Praz 0.25mg

Rs.47.43

Scilife

Xanax 1mg

Rs.145.33

Pfizer

Busron 5mg

Rs.134

S.J. & G.

Librax 5mg/2.5mg

Rs.33.9

Martin Dow

Librax 5mg/2.5mg

Rs.33.95

Martin Dow

Valium 5mg

Rs.15.12

Martin Dow

Apaurin 2mg

Rs.1.53

Isis

Benzopine 10mg

Rs.10.67

Danas

Cerelium 5mg

Rs.216

Helix Pharma

DAZ 10mg

Rs.2208

Safe Pharma

Diazin 5mg

Rs.110

Polyfine

Diazomil 5mg

Rs.240

Mediate

Europam 2mg

Rs.11

Euro Pharma

Europam 5mg

Rs.3.96

Euro Pharma

Europam 5mg

Rs.16.5

Euro Pharma

Kozypam 5mg

Rs.30

Lisko

Relaxipam 10mg

Rs.21.34

Epla

Relaxipam 10mg

Rs.533.5

Epla

Relaxipam 5mg

Rs.18.06

Epla

Somnite 10mg

Rs.10.63

PDH

Unipam 5mg

Rs.327.5

U nison

Valium 10mg

Rs.39

Martin Dow

Valium 10mg

Rs.22.91

Martin Dow

Dulan 20mg

Rs.182.5

Hilton

Dulan 60mg

Rs.450

Hilton

C-Yalta 20mg

Rs.261.72

OBS

C-Yalta 60 mg

Rs.463.1

Aspin Pharma

Duprex 30mg

Rs.287.5

CCL

Oxcym DR 20mg

Rs.165

Atco

Oxcym DR 60mg

Rs.87.06

Atco

Lyta 20mg

Rs.189

Getz Pharma

C-Yalta 30 mg

Rs.305.91

Aspin Pharma

DULOSOFT 30 MG

Rs.270

Mcolson

Zenbar 20mg

Rs.187.5

Searle

Lyta 60mg

Rs.450

Getz Pharma

Lyta 40mg

Rs.203

Getz Pharma

Lyta 30mg

Rs.330

Getz Pharma

Zenbar 60mg

Rs.410

Searle

Zenbar 30mg

Rs.300

Searle

Dulan 30mg

Rs.315

Hilton

Dostax 60mg

Rs.370

Scotman

Dostax 30mg

Rs.264

Scotman

Oxcym DR 30mg

Rs.165

Atco

Ativan 1mg

Rs.20

Wyeth

Ativan 2mg

Rs.16.99

Wyeth

Avor 1mg

Rs.13.22

PCW

Tenzil 2mg

Rs.20.3

Atco

Noctamid 1mg

Rs.24.6

Bayer

Reslorton 75 mg

Rs.224

Nexpharm

Gabolest 100 mg

Rs.252

Aspin Pharma

Gabolest 150 mg

Rs.294

Aspin Pharma

Gabolest 25 mg

Rs.126

Aspin Pharma

Gabolest 300 mg

Rs.504

Aspin Pharma

Gabolest 50 mg

Rs.168

Aspin Pharma

Gabolest 75 mg

Rs.210

Aspin Pharma

Prescot 100mg

Rs.281

Scotman

Prescot 50mg

Rs.196

Scotman

Prescot 75mg

Rs.224

Scotman

Neugast

Rs.260

S.J. & G. Fazul Ellahie

Pregy 25mg

Rs.184

Sami

Pregy 50mg

Rs.226

Sami

Regab 100mg

Rs.198.5

Amarant

Regab 50mg

Rs.150

Amarant

Orison 50 mg

Rs.115

Semos

Orison 75 mg

Rs.140

Semos

Gabilis 75 mg

Rs.129.53

Titlis Pharma

Gabilis 200 mg

Rs.192.5

Titlis Pharma

Gabilis 100 mg

Rs.162

Titlis Pharma