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Constipation

Description

Constipation is defined as scarce bowel movements; less than 3 times a week and difficulty in passing stool which continues for a long time. Constipation causes feces to become hard and dry as it stays in the colon for a long time.

 

Causes

Causes of constipation includes:

  • Blockage in intestine,
  • Neurological problems; Parkinson's, spinal cord injury, multiple sclerosis etc.
  • Problem in pelvic muscles,
  • Medicines; antacids, calcium channel blockers, anticonvulsants, opioids etc.
  • Diet poor in fiber,
  • Hormonal disorders; diabetes, hypothyroidism, hypercalcemia etc.
  • Dehydration,
  • Stress etc.
Risk factors

Risk factors of constipation includes:

  • Age,
  • Dehydration,
  • Lack of physical activity,
  • Insufficient fiber intake etc.
Symptoms

Symptoms of constipation include:

  • Difficulty in passing stool,
  • Dry and hard stool,
  • Pain in abdomen,
  • Pain during defecation,
  • Bloating,
  • Loss of appetite,
  • Nausea etc.

 

Diagnosis

Along with detailed history, physical and rectal examination doctors carry out other important tests to know the actual cause of constipation. These tests include:

  • Blood tests,
  • X-Ray,
  • Sigmoidoscopy,
  • Colonoscopy,
  • MRI etc.
Management

Management of constipation includes the following:

  • Lifestyle changes:
    • Exercise,
    • Intake of fiber-rich foods,
    • Drink adequate amounts of water etc.
  • Laxatives
  • Medicines:
    • Lubiprostone, linaclotide, plecanatide etc; draws water to intestines
    • Prucalopride; helps the stool to move through the colon.
    • Naloxegol and methylnaltrexone; to reverse opioid effect on the intestine.
  • Surgery in case of blockage or stricture.

 

When to consult a doctor?

Consult your when you observe continuous unusual bowel habits and face difficulty in passing stool. 

 

 

Available Medicine for Constipation

Kleen Eneema

Rs.48

Nabi Qasim

Kleen Enema 135ml

Rs.66.54

Marvi

Micronema 10 ml

Rs.30

Atco

Micronema 20 ml

Rs.37.23

Atco

Fibrocol - Orange

Rs.27

Biogenics

Fibrocol - Strawberry

Rs.250

Biogenics

Lilac 3.35gm/5ml

Rs.203.69

Getz

Aculac 3.35gm|5ml

Rs.142

English Pharma

Al-Culose 3.35gm|5ml

Rs.180

Macquins

Alogen 3.35gm|5ml

Rs.142

Alina

B-Lact 3.35gm/5ml

Rs.182.71

Brookes

Bertolac 3.35gm|5ml

Rs.148

Ambrosia

Bilagol 3.35gm|5ml

Rs.150

Schazoo Pharmaceuticals

Canalac 3.35gm|5ml

Rs.242.43

Epla

Canalac 3.35gm|5ml

Rs.200

Epla

Consilac 3.35gm|5ml

Rs.142

Rasco

Constilac 3.35gm|5ml

Rs.148

Medisearch

Constimed 3.35gm|5ml

Rs.120

Rakahposhi

Dapac 3.35gm|5ml

Rs.135

Fynk

Davilac 3.35gm|5ml

Rs.109

Davis Pharma

Day Soft 3.35gm|5ml

Rs.142

Shrooq

Duphalac 3.35gm/5ml

Rs.196.56

Abbott Laboratories

Easybowl 3.35gm|5ml

Rs.142

Nenza

Ez-Flow 3.35gm|5ml

Rs.148

Efroze

Floralac 3.35gm|5ml

Rs.150.1

Platinum

G-Lac 3.35gm|5ml

Rs.142

Global-Vision

Gravilose 3.35gm|5ml

Rs.142

Grays

Healac 3.35gm|5ml

Rs.148

Healthtek

Helilac 3.35gm|5ml

Rs.153

Helicon

Irzalac 3.35gm|5ml

Rs.142

Irza

Jalac 3.35gm|5ml

Rs.142

Jawa

Kolac 3.35gm/5ml

Rs.183.13

Asian Continental

Lacnan 3.35gm|5ml

Rs.148

Epharm

Lacnovex 3.35gm/5ml

Rs.148

Herbion

Lactil 3.35gm|5ml

Rs.120

Akhai

Lactobex 3.35gm|5ml

Rs.98

Cibex

Lactodil 3.35gm|5ml

Rs.142

Don Valley

Lactodil 3.35gm|5ml

Rs.275

Don Valley

Lactodil 3.35gm|5ml

Rs.75

Don Valley

Lactofine 3.35gm|5ml

Rs.142

Synchro

Lactogiz 3.35gm|5ml

Rs.148

Glitz

Lactomed 3.35gm|5ml

Rs.148

Medicraft

Lactomed 3.35gm|5ml

Rs.75

Medicraft

Lactosav 3.35gm|5ml

Rs.174

Medisave

Lactosel 3.35gm|5ml

Rs.142

Harmann

Lactosep 3.35gm|5ml

Rs.108

Sapient

Lactosole 3.35gm|5ml

Rs.148

Stand Pharm

Lactowitt 3.35gm|5ml

Rs.142

Lowitt

Lactozaf 3.35gm|5ml

Rs.150.12

Zafa

Lactozeb 3.35gm|5ml

Rs.142

Zeb

Lactulac 3.35gm|5ml

Rs.142

Delux

Lactusure 3.35gm|5ml

Rs.142

Medisure

Laevolac 3.35gm/5ml

Rs.179.86

Hilton

Lalose 3.35gm|5ml

Rs.0

Bio Pharma

Laxamen 3.35gm/5ml

Rs.140

Mendoza

Duphalac 3.35gm/5ml

Rs.371.13

Abbott Laboratories

Duphalac 66.7G / 100ML

Rs.371.13

Abbott Laboratories

Luxave 3.35gm/5ml

Rs.195.5

Searle

Oilatum Cream junior

Rs.990

Stiefel

Skilax 5mg

Rs.29.13

Highnoon

Laxoberon 5mg

Rs.36.62

Martin Dow Marker

Laxoberon 120 ml

Rs.115.71

Martin Dow Marker

Skilax 7.5mg/ml

Rs.41.06

Highnoon