‘Vertigo’ is a problem in the inner ear or the brain with a feeling of head spinning and loss of balance.
The person cannot function properly and suffers from anxiety and depression.
- Peripheral vertigo
- Central vertigo
Vertigo is temporary due to some illness and Long-term as a result of psychiatric problems.
It can be due to:
- Sometimes looking down from a height.
- As a result of ear surgery.
- Due to a migraine.
- Head injury.
- Side-effects of certain medicines.
- Prolonged bed rest.
- Peripheral vertigo is due to a problem in inner ear organs, mostly inflammation, by a rash of Herpes viral infection (shingles) close to ear.
- Central vertigo is due to complication in parts of the brain.
A person suffering from vertigo will feel their surroundings spinning and experience a loss of balance while walking or standing. In addition, other symptoms accompany vertigo:
- Nausea, vomiting.
- Pain or discomfort in ear.
- Ringing in ears.
A thorough medical check-up and history taking by a doctor will help determine:
- The severity of spinning and dizziness.
- If it’s related to some head injury or trauma.
- Association with a migraine or some infection.
MRI or CT scan of the head may be needed for a clearer picture.
- Symptomatic treatment to overcome nausea and vomiting by Antiemetic drugs.
- For Migraine headache Antihistamines.
- Antibiotics or antiviral drugs for an underlying ear infection.
- In extreme conditions, surgery of inner ear or parts of the brain is necessary.
- Get up slowly after waking up or sitting up from a lying down position.
- Avoid climbing heights and driving when being dizzy.
- Do not look up suddenly or jerk up your head.
- If you are dis-balanced while walking, use a walking stick to prevent falling.
- Good light at night to help see clearly.
When to consult a doctor?
If simple precautions and symptom relievers aren’t helpful, then you must see a doctor check for an associated problem or need for surgery to heal inner ear organs.