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Depression

Description

Depression or major depressive disorder is a very common mood disorder that negatively affects the way you think, feel, or do things. It is characterized by a constant feeling of sadness, helplessness, and loss of interest. It is important to know that you’re not depressed every time you’re sad, depression is a very serious disease that needs to be addressed properly. It can severely hamper relationships, daily life, and your ability to function. It can affect people of any age and gender but it is more common in teens and females.

Causes

Depression may occur due to any of the following reasons:

  • Family History: Even though depression is not a purely genetic disease, family history does increase the risk of developing it.
  • Grief: Sadness after losing a loved one is expected, but it is possible for this to lead to depression in individuals who are at risk.
  • Abuse: Any form of sexual, physical or emotional abuse increases the risk of developing depression
  • Life events: Any important life event that is stressful such as moving, losing a job, divorce, etc. can lead to depression in susceptible individuals.
  • Medication: Some steroids, antiviral drugs (interferon alpha) may increase your likelihood of developing depression
  • Hormones: Hormonal changes can also cause depression. These include the hormonal changes that occur during pregnancy or after delivery.
  • Personality traits: Being too pessimistic, self-critical or having low self esteem can also increase the chances of developing depression.
Risk factors

Following factors increase your risk of developing depression:

 

  • Personality: Pessimistic, self-deprecating, overthinking, and low self-esteem.
  • Childhood trauma
  • Sexual abuse
  • Alcohol abuse
  • Constant stress
  • Anti-hypertensive and sleeping pills
  • Cancer and other serious diseases.
Symptoms

Depression may occur once in a lifetime, or in several episodes. During an episode, symptoms occur throughout the day, and almost every day. The symptoms may include:

  • Emotional: Feeling like crying, or crying, feeling sad, hopeless or angry over small issues.
  • Sleep disturbances: Both extremes may occur. Sleeping excessively, or sleeplessness (insomnia)
  • Appetite: Again, both extremes may occur. Some people eat excessively and end up gaining weight, whereas others may experience a loss of appetite along with weight loss.
  • Physical symptoms: Symptoms such as headaches and back pain may occur.
  • Thoughts of suicide, or death may become frequent.
  • Sluggish body movements, and a generally slow thought process along with trouble in decision making.
Diagnosis

To make a diagnosis, a detailed medical history and physical examination is conducted. Blood tests to rule out other causes and hormonal imbalances may also be required.

Management

Seeking help is essential to treat depression. Therapy in the form of psychotherapy, cognitive behavioral therapy, or group therapy can be recommended. These methods can help to fight off negative thoughts, create self awareness, and develop a better understanding of your feelings.

Depending on your symptoms, medications may also be prescribed. These include Tricyclic antidepressants, serotonin norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors (SNRIs), selective serotonin re uptake inhibitors (SSRIs), etc.

For severe cases, options such as electroconvulsive therapy, and transcranial magnetic stimulation may be recommended.

When to consult a doctor?

A doctor should be consulted if your symptoms have not improved with the treatment prescribed. A doctor should be consulted immediately if you are experiencing thoughts of hurting yourself, or are indulging in substance abuse (alcohol, smoking, etc.)

Available Medicine for Depression

Tryptanol 25mg

Rs.22

OBS

Cipram 20mg

Rs.1092.47

Lundbeck

Citalo 20mg

Rs.170

Platinum

Pramcit 20mg

Rs.350

Marvi

Manipram 20mg

Rs.228.85

Werick

Hapicit 20mg

Rs.300

Adamjee Pharmaceuticals

Citalo 10mg

Rs.170

Platinum

Lexapram 20mg 20mg

Rs.180

Reko

Dulan 20 mg

Rs.225

Hilton

Dulan 60mg

Rs.495

Hilton

C-Yalta 20mg

Rs.261.72

OBS

C-Yalta 60 mg

Rs.463.1

Aspin Pharma

Duprex 30mg

Rs.300

CCL

Oxcym DR 20mg

Rs.197.84

Atco

Oxcym DR 60mg

Rs.87.06

Atco

Lyta 20 mg

Rs.189

Getz Pharma

C-Yalta 30 mg

Rs.305.91

Aspin Pharma

DULOSOFT 30 MG

Rs.270

Mcolson

Zenbar 20mg

Rs.221

Searle

Lyta 60 mg

Rs.470

Getz Pharma

Lyta 40 mg

Rs.203

Getz Pharma

Lyta 30 mg

Rs.360

Getz Pharma

Zenbar 60mg

Rs.482.59

Searle

Zenbar 30mg

Rs.353

Searle

Dulan 30mg

Rs.385

Hilton

Dostax 60mg

Rs.370

Scotman

Dostax 30mg

Rs.290

Scotman

Oxcym DR 30mg

Rs.197.84

Atco

Hapibar 60 mg

Rs.531.33

Barrett

Hapibar 20mg

Rs.285.14

Barrett

Oxcym DR 60 mg

Rs.311.74

Atco

Citanew 10mg

Rs.385

Hilton

Morcet 10mg

Rs.419.44

Searle

Citanew 5mg

Rs.295

Hilton

Cipralex 20mg

Rs.1621

Lundbeck

Citanew 20mg

Rs.560

Hilton

Cipralex 10mg

Rs.1112.98

Lundbeck

Prolexa 10mg

Rs.475.24

Genetics Pharmaceuticals

Prolexa 10mg

Rs.200

Genetics Pharmaceuticals

Prolexa 20mg

Rs.530

Genetics Pharmaceuticals

Nodep 5mg

Rs.109.77

Aspin Pharma

Nodep 10mg

Rs.165

Aspin Pharma

Nodep 20mg

Rs.252

Aspin Pharma

Prexa 10mg

Rs.200

Marvi

Estar 10 mg 10mg

Rs.177.5

Pharm Evo

Es-Pramcit 5mg 5mg

Rs.175

Marvi

Hapicit-E 10mg

Rs.250

Adamjee Pharmaceuticals

Ufrim 10mg

Rs.312

High-Q

Morcet 20mg

Rs.561.76

Searle

Ufrim 20mg

Rs.380

High-Q

Depsit 10mg

Rs.325

Genix

Atcopram 10mg

Rs.250.89

Atco

Depsit 5mg

Rs.250

Genix

Rize Pluse 10mg

Rs.210

Werick

ES-Pramcit 20mg

Rs.510

Nabi Qasim

Estar 5mg

Rs.118.81

Pharm Evo

Grip 10mg

Rs.350

Scotman

Grip 10mg

Rs.190

Scotman

Zavget 10 mg

Rs.399

Getz Pharma

Seradep 10mg

Rs.173.12

Barrett

Seradep 5mg

Rs.122.2

Barrett

Citofas 10mg 10 mg

Rs.18.57

Atco

CITOFAST 10MG

Rs.130

Avant

Estar 20mg

Rs.242.5

Pharm Evo

Hapicite-E 20 mg

Rs.270

Adamjee Pharmaceuticals

Seradep 20 mg

Rs.261.38

Barrett

Exapro 10 mg

Rs.350

CCL

Exapro 20 mg

Rs.490

CCL

Exapro 5 mg

Rs.126

Hilton

Citanew

Rs.395

Hilton

Exapro 5 mg

Rs.264.12

CCL

Helixa 10 mg

Rs.264

Helix Pharma

Esi-Dep 10 mg

Rs.275

AGP

Esi-Dep 20 mg

Rs.411.75

AGP

Neolexa 15mg

Rs.550

Amarant

Motival

Rs.69.15

GlaxoSmithKline

Seroxat CR 12.5mg

Rs.402.39

GlaxoSmithKline

Seroxat 20mg

Rs.496

GlaxoSmithKline

Paraxyl 20mg

Rs.408

CCL

Paromax CR 25mg

Rs.365.67

Genetics Pharmaceuticals

Zara CR 25mg

Rs.1200

Shrooq

Seroxat CR Tablet 25mg

Rs.519.61

GlaxoSmithKline

Paroxin CR 12.5mg

Rs.236.34

Amarant

Paromax 20mg

Rs.299

Danas

Zoloft 50mg

Rs.813.18

Pfizer

Sert 100mg 100mg

Rs.540

Barrett

Oloft 100mg

Rs.760

Hirani's Pharma

Oloft 50mg

Rs.600

Hirani's Pharma

Seroft 100 mg

Rs.275

Pharmatec

Reline 100mg

Rs.380

Surge

Sert 50mg 50mg

Rs.328.64

Barrett

Seroft 50mg

Rs.274.03

Pharmatec

Reline 50MG 50mg

Rs.280

Surge

Serlin 50mg

Rs.350

Amarant

Zaline 50mg

Rs.266.67

A'raf

Serlin 100mg

Rs.600

Amarant

Cetralex 100 mg

Rs.470

Genetics Pharmaceuticals

Serosa 50 mg

Rs.246.84

Swansea Pharmaceuticals