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Nutritional deficiencies

Description

Nutrients are the important components that we take from the food we eat, helping our body in proper growth and nourishment. When the diet we take lacks these important materials, our health is affected and the chances of getting disease increases.

TYPES:
  1. Calcium and vitamin D deficiency.
  2. Vitamin A deficiency.
  3. Most common type is Iron deficiency.
  4. Vitamin B deficiency (B1, B3, B9, B12)
  5. Vitamin C deficiency.
Causes

Nutritional deficiencies are caused by a variety of problems:

  • Children under the age of 5 are having poor nutrition because of a specific diet and less nutrient-rich diet, and those on exclusive mother feed are suffering if the mother is nutrition deficient.
  • Not getting a healthy nutritious diet.
  • Getting a proper diet, but the body is unable to absorb the nutrition from food. This can be due to diseases like Crohn’s disease, celiac disease, and colon cancer.
  • Some medicines (metformin in diabetes and long-term use of antacids) can cause vitamin B12 deficiency.
  • Alcohol uses cause vitamin B1 deficiency.
  • A pregnant mother can become iron deficient because of all the iron being used in the development of the baby.
  • Poor countries have a higher ratio of nutritional deficient people.
  • Surgery of parts of the digestive system.
Risk factors

Following are the risk factors for nutritional deficiencies:

 

  • Pregnant females
  • Nursing females
  • Children
  • Old people
  • Pre-existing conditions
  • AIDS.
Symptoms
  • Iron-deficient patients show pale skin, eyes, and nails, with difficulty breathing due to anemia.
  • There is weakness and low energy level at all times.
  • Being sleepy, lazy and tired.
  • Poor ability to concentrate and dizziness at times.
  • Droopy (half open) eyelids and dull eyes.
  • Forgetfulness and poor memory.
  • Dry skin because of vitamin B3 deficiency.
  • Bones and Joints become painful (low calcium and vitamin D).
  • Teeth become weak, either chipping off or coming out.
  • Bleeding gums when there’s vitamin C deficiency.
  • There is Hair loss, muscle mass decreases and body gets lean and weak.
  • Constipation becomes a problem.
  • Palpitations (becoming aware of your heartbeat)
  • Irregularity in the monthly cycle or heavy periods.
Diagnosis

The symptoms of weakness, disturbed sleep and an improper routine are itself suggestive of nutritional deficiency. However,

A doctor will take proper history with questions asked about your diet and eating habits.

He will examine your skin, nails, eyes, tongue, abdomen and overall body posture for signs of insufficient nutrition.

Blood Diagnostic tests for iron deficiency anemia, vitamin D and calcium.

Management

The goal of management is to maintain the nutrients at a healthy level for a better life. It includes:

 

  • Increased nutrient intake
  • Supplements
When to consult a doctor?

Consult a doctor if you think your symptoms persist or worsen even after months of treatment. Do not increase your supplement dose without consulting your doctor.

Available Medicine for Nutritional deficiencies

Pan-Amin G

Rs.382.77

Otsuka

Aminovel 600mg Injection

Rs.541.39

Otsuka

Cicatrin Powder

Rs.59.93

GlaxoSmithKline

Indrop D.

Rs.165

Neutro

Alendroflex D 70mg/70mcg

Rs.320

novins

Drate Plus D 70mg/70mcg

Rs.605.91

Fazul Ellahi

Lendrol-D 70mg/70mcg

Rs.450

Genix

Obemax-D 70mg/70mcg

Rs.450

Noa Hemis

Pronat-D 70mg/70mcg

Rs.0

Amarant

Sunvit 5mg

Rs.157.43

High-Q

DX3 200000IU

Rs.240

Macter

OPT-D 200,000 IU

Rs.230

Pharm Evo

OPT-D 25000 IU

Rs.172.5

Pharm Evo

D4U 200000 I.U

Rs.457.7

Genix

Sunny D 5000IU

Rs.595

Scotman

D4U 5mg 200,000 I.U

Rs.144.63

Genix

D Tres 5mg

Rs.132.5

Sami

Sunny D Insta 200000IU

Rs.163

Scotman

Dan-D 200,000 IU

Rs.250

CCL

DSoft 1000 IU

Rs.350

Dawaai

Sunny D Stat 200,000IU

Rs.300

Scotman

Bonejia 400 IU

Rs.300

Aspin Pharma

OPT-D 5mg/ml 20000iu

Rs.110

Pharm Evo

D4U 200,000 I.U.

Rs.220

Genix

Dan-D 5000 IU

Rs.133.33

CCL

Dan-D 50000 IU

Rs.250

CCL

Vydee (5mg(200,000IU)/1mL)

Rs.110

Hudson Pharma's

Sunny D Drops 400IU

Rs.300

Scotman

Sunny D 1000IU

Rs.690

Scotman

OPT-D 4s Soft Gel

Rs.150

Pharm Evo

D-Max 2000IU

Rs.600

Matrix

D-Max 400IU

Rs.365

Matrix

D-Tres 5mg

Rs.133.33

Sami

Miura 400IU

Rs.299

Getz

MOMFOLIC 30

Rs.200

Dawaai

Inofolic

Rs.85.8

Galaxy

Maltofer-Fol

Rs.128

OBS

Fefan DS 300+5mg

Rs.60

Amson

Fefan 150mg+0.5mg

Rs.10.46

Amson

Maxfol 400mg

Rs.93.33

High-Q

Suxeed Sachet

Rs.45

Aqmar

Slix

Rs.78

Matrix

Folic Acid 5mg

Rs.52.65

Zafa

Foreva Plus 400mcg

Rs.480

Matrix

Ferocare 15mg

Rs.120

Adcare

Ferocare 15mg

Rs.280

Adcare

Monofer 100mg|ml

Rs.550

Allmed Labs

Maltofer 300mg

Rs.106.5

Abbott

Maltofer-Fol

Rs.128

OBS

Maltofer

Rs.245

OBS

Polymalt

Rs.179

High-Q

Polyfer

Rs.109.95

Barrett

Polymalt

Rs.125.9

High-Q

Fersip

Rs.140

Scotman

Fersip 100mg

Rs.90

Scotman

Ferosoft

Rs.105.8

Hilton

Maltofer Tablets

Rs.307.55

Pharmatec

Rubifer 100mg/0.35mg

Rs.241.28

AGP

Ferosoft

Rs.291.94

Hilton

Ferosoft - FA

Rs.117.81

Hilton

Polymalt-F 100mg/0.35mg

Rs.114.46

High-Q

Maltofer

Rs.258.84

OBS

Bisleri Capsules

Rs.48.1

Sami

Iron(PS) 800mg

Rs.180

English Pharma

Iron(PS) 800mg

Rs.300

English Pharma

Heamocare 120ml 800mg/15ml

Rs.319.35

Himont

Heamocare Plus 20mg/2.5mg

Rs.220.8

Himont

Vidaylin Syrup 120ml

Rs.70.81

Abbott Nutrition

Sur-bex 120ml

Rs.77.39

Abbott Nutrition

Roxvita

Rs.160

High-Q

Vidaylin-L

Rs.144.08

Abbott Nutrition

Vidaylin-M 120ML

Rs.100.62

Abbott Nutrition

Vidaylin-T

Rs.125.55

Abbott Nutrition

Multibionta Syrup

Rs.65.97

Merck

Perfectil Capsules

Rs.550

Acti-Med Pharma

Perfectil Plus

Rs.2000

Bayer

Pregna Essential

Rs.525

IBLHC

Surbex-Z

Rs.245

Abbott Nutrition

Revitale-Multi

Rs.242.22

GlaxoSmithKline

Zeest

Rs.192.55

Tabroos

Zeest MV

Rs.170

Tabroos

Optilets-M

Rs.86.11

Abbott Nutrition

Polybion-Z

Rs.81.5

Merck

Supravit M

Rs.256.33

Hilton

Geriatric Capsules

Rs.1770

Geriatic Pharmaton

Geriatric Pharmaton

Rs.4800

Geriatic Pharmaton

Pramet FA

Rs.189.76

Abbott Nutrition

Toxinil

Rs.108.33

Willson's

Geriatric Pharmaton Cap

Rs.1770

Geriatic Pharmaton

Visionace

Rs.347.2

Acti-Med Pharma

Diabetone

Rs.850

Vitabiotics

Theragran Ultra 30'S

Rs.137.63

GlaxoSmithKline

Dayalets Tab

Rs.88.92

Abbott Nutrition

Pregnovit

Rs.693.99

Himont

Hicap Plus

Rs.506.26

Himont

Hepa Merz

Rs.413.76

Brookes

Hepa Merz

Rs.210

Brookes

Hepa-Merz 5gm

Rs.279.6

Brookes

Cofcol

Rs.65.2

Abbott Nutrition

Eventone-c Cream

Rs.1395

Pharma Health

Cecon 100mg/ml

Rs.32.84

Abbott Nutrition

Cecon 500mg

Rs.126.36

Abbott Nutrition

Abocal

Rs.164.27

Abbott Nutrition

Iberet Gradumet 500

Rs.147.23

Abbott Nutrition

Semo-C - Sugar Free 500mg

Rs.44.79

Semos

Sgindrop D

Rs.200

Neutro

Abocal

Rs.164.27

Abbott Nutrition

Oslia 200000IU

Rs.240

High-Q

Rejuva

Rs.751.3

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