Empagliflozin should only be used in pregnancy if absolutely necessary. Pregnant females should consult their doctors regarding the benefits and risks of Empagliflozin.
Empagliflozin should only be used during lactation if absolutely necessary. Lactating females should consult their doctors regarding the benefits and risks of Empagliflozin. Based on their clinical state, the doctor may advise lactating females to stop breastfeeding or stop taking the medicine.
As a side effect, Empagliflozin may cause dizziness and sleepiness. Avoid driving vehicles until you have a clear idea of how Empagliflozin affects you.
Patients with liver diseases should consult their doctors before using Empagliflozin.
Because of the increased potential of severe side effects, Empagliflozin should be used cautiously in patients having kidney disease. While taking this medicine, kidney function tests must be closely monitored. In some circumstances, depending on the clinical state, appropriate dose modifications or substitution with an appropriate replacement may be necessary.
Alcohol consumption is contraindicated during Empagliflozin treatment since it increases the risk of both high and low blood sugar levels.
If you are hypersensitive to Empagliflozin or have other allergies, inform your doctor before taking it. Inactive components may be included in this medicine, causing allergies or other issues. For further information, consult your doctor.
Inform your doctor about your medical history, especially if you have kidney problems (such as dialysis), liver disorders, alcohol use/abuse, dehydration, low blood pressure, high blood cholesterol, or a history of vaginal or penile yeast infections.
If you are diabetic, it may be difficult to control blood sugar levels when your body is under stress (like due to infection, injury, fever or surgery). Additionally, if you are not eating enough or are unable to eat owing to these diseases or any disease, you may experience an increased ketone level while taking Empagliflozin. Consult your doctor since you may need to adjust your treatment regimen, medicines, or blood glucose or ketone monitoring as a result of this.
Inform your doctor or dentist regarding all the medicines you consume before surgery (including prescription and nonprescription and herbal medicines).
Empagliflozin's negative effects, particularly dehydration, kidney issues, and lightheadedness, may be more severe in older persons (usually while standing).
What family of drugs does this medicine belong to?
Metformin belongs to a class of drugs known as biguanides. It is used to improve insulin activity, and control weight in diabetic patients. It is also known to regulate menstrual cycles (periods) and is used in the treatment of PCOs (Poly Cystic Ovarian Disease.)
Does this medicine contain hormones, or insulin?
No, this drug does not contain hormones, or insulin,. It enhances the effect of insulin, which helps patients with diabetes or PCOs, since their bodies tend to develop a resistance to the actions of insulin.
Can this drug be used with thyroid medications, and steroids?
Though there is no dangerous drug interaction, an adjustment in doses of both anti thyroid drugs, and steroids (eg: prednisone) may be required. It should be noted that patients taking steroids sometimes develop diabetes as a side effect. Please consult your physician, and discuss all the medicines you are taking, including their doses.
What is lactic acidosis and does this medication cause it?
Lactic acidosis is a very rare, and potentially fatal side effect of this medication. It occurs when there is an excessive buildup of lactic acid in the body. It may occur in patients who have overdosed. Symptoms include stomach problems, dizziness, breathing difficulty, muscle aches, irregular heartbeat, etc. Patients who experience these symptoms should go to a doctor immediately.
How long should I use this medicine for?
Please use this medicine for the time that has been prescribed, and in the dose prescribed by your physician. Using it for longer than prescribed can cause side effects such as Vitamin B12 deficiency.
Can this medicine cause low blood sugar?
Low blood sugar is rare with Metformin, but it is a possible side effect, especially if you are taking other anti-diabetic drugs. Please maintain regularity in meals, dosage, and exercise to maintain blood sugar levels, and continue monitoring sugar levels. Also carry sugar or a sugary drink in case you feel dizzy, or develop any other sign of low blood sugar.
What do I do if I miss a dose?
You can take the missed dose as soon as you remember. If you remember when it is almost time for your next dose, then skip the missed dose entirely. Do not double your dose to catch up for missed doses.
What will happen if I skip a meal?
It is important to maintain regularity in meals, and exercise. Low blood sugar is rare, but may occur if you are taking other anti-diabetic medication.
Will this medicine make me loose or gain weight?
Weight gain is unlikely with this medicine, however, it does cause weight loss. This is because it improves the actions of insulin, and decreases hunger. Please take note that this drug is not a medicine which treats weight loss, and should only be used if prescribed by your physician. This medicine may, however, cause bloating. It is best taken after meals to avoid this side effect.
Can this medication cause any Vitamin deficiency or anemia?
This medication can result in a vitamin B12 deficiency after being used for a long time, and this can cause anemia. Please discuss with your doctor if you are already anemic, or if you start experiencing symptoms such as paleness, weakness, lethargy, etc.
Is it safe to use in patients with liver disease?
In patients who have fatty liver, and hepatitis C related liver disease, it is safe and is recommended. However, it is discouraged in patients who have liver cirrhosis, due to its association with lactic acidosis.