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Introduction

Expert Advice

Avoid this medication if:

  • You are allergic to this medicine or its contents.

Consult your doctor if:

  • You are pregnant, planning to have a child, or breastfeeding.
  • You have a medical history of: Liver diseases, kidney diseases, or heart diseases.
  • You experience weakness in your bones.
  • You experience breathing difficulties (due to swelling in the lungs).
  • You are experiencing weight gain, or your blood sugar is still not controlled. 

Be careful about:

  • Having your meals on time to maintain blood sugar levels
  • Taking the medicine timely, in the way that your physician has prescribed.
  • Weight gain, as it is a possible side effect of this medicine.

Primary Uses

Type II diabetes

Indications

This medicine is used in the management of type 2 diabetes particularly in overweight patients.

Side Effects

Some patients might experience Weight gain, Oedema (swelling) or Headache. Please consult your doctor if you experience any of these symtpoms

Warnings

Pregnancy

Please consult your doctor before taking this medicne.

Lactation

Research suggests that this medicine should be avoided by women who are breastfeeding.

Driving

Please avoid driving when taking this medicine as it may affect your ability to drive.

Precautions

Please consult your doctor as a precaution before taking this medicine if you have severe renal impairment (kidney disorder).

Contraindications

Please consult your doctor before taking this medicine if you have any of these conditions; hepatic impairment (liver disorder), raised liver enzymes, cardiac failure or history of cardiac failure.

What family of drugs does this medicine belong to?

Metformin belongs to a class of drugs known as biguanides. It is used to improve insulin activity, and control weight in diabetic patients. It is also known to regulate menstrual cycles (periods) and is used in the treatment of PCOs (Poly Cystic Ovarian Disease.)

Does this medicine contain hormones, or insulin?

No, this drug does not contain hormones, or insulin,. It enhances the effect of insulin, which helps patients with diabetes or PCOs, since their bodies tend to develop a resistance to the actions of insulin.

Can this drug be used with thyroid medications, and steroids?

Though there is no dangerous drug interaction, an adjustment in doses of both anti thyroid drugs, and steroids (eg: prednisone) may be required. It should be noted that patients taking steroids sometimes develop diabetes as a side effect. Please consult your physician, and discuss all the medicines you are taking, including their doses.

What is lactic acidosis and does this medication cause it?

Lactic acidosis is a very rare, and potentially fatal side effect of this medication. It occurs when there is an excessive buildup of lactic acid in the body. It may occur in patients who have overdosed. Symptoms include stomach problems, dizziness, breathing difficulty, muscle aches, irregular heartbeat, etc. Patients who experience these symptoms should go to a doctor immediately.

How long should I use this medicine for?

Please use this medicine for the time that has been prescribed, and in the dose prescribed by your physician. Using it for longer than prescribed can cause side effects such as Vitamin B12 deficiency.

Can this medicine cause low blood sugar?

Low blood sugar is rare with Metformin, but it is a possible side effect, especially if you are taking other anti-diabetic drugs. Please maintain regularity in meals, dosage, and exercise to maintain blood sugar levels, and continue monitoring sugar levels. Also carry sugar or a sugary drink in case you feel dizzy, or develop any other sign of low blood sugar.

What do I do if I miss a dose?

You can take the missed dose as soon as you remember. If you remember when it is almost time for your next dose, then skip the missed dose entirely. Do not double your dose to catch up for missed doses.

What will happen if I skip a meal?

It is important to maintain regularity in meals, and exercise. Low blood sugar is rare, but may occur if you are taking other anti-diabetic medication.

Will this medicine make me loose or gain weight?

Weight gain is unlikely with this medicine, however, it does cause weight loss. This is because it improves the actions of insulin, and decreases hunger. Please take note that this drug is not a medicine which treats weight loss, and should only be used if prescribed by your physician. This medicine may, however, cause bloating. It is best taken after meals to avoid this side effect.

Can this medication cause any Vitamin deficiency or anemia?

This medication can result in a vitamin B12 deficiency after being used for a long time, and this can cause anemia. Please discuss with your doctor if you are already anemic, or if you start experiencing symptoms such as paleness, weakness, lethargy, etc.

Is it safe to use in patients with liver disease?

In patients who have fatty liver, and hepatitis C related liver disease, it is safe and is recommended. However, it is discouraged in patients who have liver cirrhosis, due to its association with lactic acidosis.

Disclaimer

Dawaai's intention is to make sure that it's consumers get information that is accurate, reviewed by an expert and error-free. However, the information mentioned here should not be used as a replacement for the advice of a qualified physician. The information given here is for informational purposes only, which may not cover all possible precautions, side effects, contraindications or drug interactions. Consult your doctor and discuss your queries related to any medicine or disease.

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