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Monotherapy: This medicine is used for treating type 2 diabetes (condition characterized by elevated glucose levels) that is inadequately controlled by metformin, diet and exercise.

Dual therapy: It is used for treating diabetes type 2 along with metformin or a glitazone when patients respond inadequately to diet changes, exercise and either metformin or glitazine, or in combination with sulphonylureas in patients contraindicated for metformin, and for patients that do not respond adequately to sulphonylureas alone.

Triple therapy: This medicine is used with metformin and a sulphonylureas or glitazone for treating diabetes 2 that is inadequately controlled by dual therapy.

With insulin: This medicine is used with or without metformin for treating type 2 diabetes in patients who respond inadequately to diet, exercise, and insulin.

The patients administered with this medicine may experience pancreatitis (inflammation of pancreas), allergic reactions, Stevens-Jhonson Syndrome (allergic reaction), Hypoglycemia (low glucose levels), bullous pemphigoid (large fluid-filled blisters), osteoarthritis (weak bones), upper respiratory tract infections, flatulence, swelling, and influenza (flu-like symptoms). 

The patients with diabetic ketoacidosis (condition causing fat breakdown at an abnormal rate) and moderate to severe renal (kidney) impairment should avoid use of this medicine.

  1. What else can I do to manage my glucose levels?

To manage your glucose levels, you can make several lifestyle changes such as:

  • Following a light regular physical exercise routine
  • Limiting use of alcohol
  • Limiting or complete cessation of smoking
  • Eating healthy
  • Taking care of your physical and mental health

 

  1. How does Sitagliptin work?

It works by increasing the amount of insulin your body makes. Insulin in the hormone that is involved in glucose management in your body.

 

  1. How long does Sitagliptin take to work?

It begins working after approximately 2 weeks. However, you will see the maximum effects after 18-20 weeks.

 

 

 

  1. What is the best time to take Sitagliptin?

Take it at one time every day. Please follow this same routine and continue to take it at the same time every day.

 

  1. Does Sitagliptin have any serious side effects?

This medicine does not have any serious side effects when taken according to the doctor’s prescription, at the specified time. However, if you experience any severe side effects, consult your doctor immediately.

This medicine should be taken with food.
  • Please take this medicine with or without meals.
  • Please consult your prescriber immediately if you experience trouble breathing, persistent abdominal pain, or any other adverse effects.
  • Dosage requires adjustment in case of trauma, surgery, and infection.
  • Please monitor glucose levels throughout use of this medicine.
  • Please ensure you tell your doctor you have diabetes before any surgery, getting medicine, etc.

 

Type II diabetes

This medicine is indicated in maturity onset diabetes either alone or with sulphonylureas. It is also used as adjuvant therapy in insulin dependent diabetes, particularly in obese patients.

GI upset, taste disturbance, abnormal liver function tests, hepatitis (inflammatory condition of liver), skin reactions, reduced B12 absorption are some of its side effects. Rarely it may cause lactic acidosis (buildup of lactate causing acidic pH of blood stream).

This medicine is contraindicated in patients with diabetic ketoacidosis (life threatening condition in which liver breaks down fats into ketones for energy) or precoma (a state of near unconsciousness), renal (kidney) or hepatic (liver) impairment, acute conditions predisposing to renal impairment, cardiac or respiratory failure, recent myocardial infarction (heart attack), alcoholism and in patients with administration of iodinated contrast materials.

This medicine should be taken with food.

Avoid this medication if:

  • You are allergic to this medicine or its contents 

Consult your doctor if:

  • You are pregnant, planning to have a child, or breastfeeding.
  • If you are avoiding unwanted pregnancy, so that your doctor may suggest a suitable form of birth control. Due to Metformin's effects on ovulation and pregnancy.
  • You have any sort of digestive problems after taking this medicine: Nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, etc.
  • You have a medical history of: Liver diseases, kidney diseases, congestive heart failure, or lung disease.
  • If you are about to undergo any medical or surgical treatment. 
  • If you are about to undergo any CT scan, or X-ray, as it may interact with the dyes used in some pf these procedures.
  • If you have a B12 deficiency, are anemic, or are developing symptoms of anemia, Such as: lethargy, aches and pains,  or a pale appearance to the skin. 

Be careful about:

  • Having your meals on time to maintain blood sugar levels.
  • Taking the medicine timely, in the way that your physician has prescribed (with food), this will help avoid digestive disturbances.
  • Alcohol consumption.
  • Avoiding dehydration in any form.
Type II diabetes
This is a possible side effect, but can be avoided if meals are taken regularly. Try to carry sugar or a sugary drink in case you experience lightheadedness, or any other symptoms of low blood sugar. Take extra precautions during times of stress, or dehydration (fever, diarrhea etc.)
You can take the missed dose as soon as you remember. If you remember when it is almost time for your next dose, then skip the missed dose entirely. Do not double your dose to catch up for missed doses.
If you are not regular with your meals, you may experience symptoms of low blood sugar: Such as palpitation, sweating, dizziness, light headedness etc. In this case, taking sugar can relieve your symptoms.
Weight gain is less likely with this drug.
It is possible for patients to feel sleepy while taking this drug, and constipation is also a possible side effect.
Metformin belongs to a class of drugs known as biguanides. It is used to improve insulin activity, and control weight in diabetic patients. It is also known to regulate menstrual cycles (periods) and is used in the treatment of PCOs (Poly Cystic Ovarian Disease.)
No, this drug does not contain hormones, or insulin,. It enhances the effect of insulin, which helps patients with diabetes or PCOs, since their bodies tend to develop a resistance to the actions of insulin.
Though there is no dangerous drug interaction, an adjustment in doses of both anti thyroid drugs, and steroids (eg: prednisone) may be required. It should be noted that patients taking steroids sometimes develop diabetes as a side effect. Please consult your physician, and discuss all the medicines you are taking, including their doses.
Lactic acidosis is a very rare, and potentially fatal side effect of this medication. It occurs when there is an excessive buildup of lactic acid in the body. It may occur in patients who have overdosed. Symptoms include stomach problems, dizziness, breathing difficulty, muscle aches, irregular heartbeat, etc. Patients who experience these symptoms should go to a doctor immediately.
Please use this medicine for the time that has been prescribed, and in the dose prescribed by your physician. Using it for longer than prescribed can cause side effects such as Vitamin B12 deficiency.
Low blood sugar is rare with Metformin, but it is a possible side effect, especially if you are taking other anti-diabetic drugs. Please maintain regularity in meals, dosage, and exercise to maintain blood sugar levels, and continue monitoring sugar levels. Also carry sugar or a sugary drink in case you feel dizzy, or develop any other sign of low blood sugar.
You can take the missed dose as soon as you remember. If you remember when it is almost time for your next dose, then skip the missed dose entirely. Do not double your dose to catch up for missed doses.
It is important to maintain regularity in meals, and exercise. Low blood sugar is rare, but may occur if you are taking other anti-diabetic medication.
Weight gain is unlikely with this medicine, however, it does cause weight loss. This is because it improves the actions of insulin, and decreases hunger. Please take note that this drug is not a medicine which treats weight loss, and should only be used if prescribed by your physician. This medicine may, however, cause bloating. It is best taken after meals to avoid this side effect.
This medication can result in a vitamin B12 deficiency after being used for a long time, and this can cause anemia. Please discuss with your doctor if you are already anemic, or if you start experiencing symptoms such as paleness, weakness, lethargy, etc.
In patients who have fatty liver, and hepatitis C related liver disease, it is safe and is recommended. However, it is discouraged in patients who have liver cirrhosis, due to its association with lactic acidosis.
This medicine is not recommended for pregnant females.  
This medicine is not recommended for lactating females.
Please avoid driving when taking this medicine as it may affect your ability to drive.
Please avoid consuming alcohol when taking this medicine.
Please use this medicine cautiously in the elderly.
This medicine is safe to use in pregnant females. No evidence of risk found. 
This medicine is contraindicated in lactating females.
Please avoid consuming alcohol when taking this medicine.
Assess risk factors for lactic acidosis (buildup of lactate causing acidic pH of blood stream). Discontinue immediately if metabolic acidosis (overproduction of acid in the body) is suspected. Monitor renal (kidney) function at least annually. Discontinue the medicine for 48 hours before and after the elective surgery. 

Disclaimer

Dawaai's intention is to make sure that it's consumers get information that is accurate, reviewed by an expert and error-free. However, the information mentioned here should not be used as a replacement for the advice of a qualified physician. The information given here is for informational purposes only, which may not cover all possible precautions, side effects, contraindications or drug interactions. Consult your doctor and discuss your queries related to any medicine or disease.

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