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Anemia

Description

Anemia is a condition characterized by lack of red blood cells. The function of these red blood cells is to carry and supply oxygen throughout the body, therefore, a lack of healthy red blood cells results in inadequate circulation of oxygen throughout the body. Anemia can be temporary or long term and it can be mild or severe.

Causes

Known causes of anemia are:

  • Insufficient production of erythropoietin, a hormone required for production of red blood cells,
  • Deficiency of folate, vitamin B12, or iron,
  • Hypothyroidism (lack of thyroid hormones),
  • Accidents,
  • Gastrointestinal lesions,
  • Menstruation,
  • Childbirth,
  • Surgery,
  • Cirrhosis,
  • Hemolysis (breakdown of red blood cells),
  • Disorders of liver and spleen,
  • G6PD deficiency (genetic disorder),
  • Thalassemia (abnormal hemoglobin structure).
Risk factors

Prominent risk factors of anemia are:

  • A diet lacking iron, folate, and vitamin B12,
  • Intestinal disorders,
  • Heavy menstruation,
  • Pregnancy,
  • Chronic diseases,
  • Family history,
  • Age,
  • Blood diseases,
  • Autoimmune disorders.
Symptoms

Common symptoms of anemia are:

  • Fatigue,
  • Weakness,
  • Pale skin,
  • Irregular heartbeat,
  • Shortness of breath,
  • Dizziness,
  • Chest pain,
  • Cold hands and feet,
  • Headache,
  • Growth problems in children,
  • Unusual cravings for ice, clay, or dirt,
  • Brittle nails,
  • Constipation,
  • Enlarged spleen.
Diagnosis

To reach a diagnosis, your doctor will take your detailed medical, menstrual, and family history, will ask questions regarding your diet, your racial origin and religion since these are good predictors of the type of diet a person takes, will recommend you get a few laboratory investigations like CBC, serum iron levels, vitamin B12 test, folic acid test, and stool test done, and will ask specific questions regarding your symptoms.

Management

Treatment depends upon the underlying diagnosis.

- Iron supplements may be used for iron deficiency.

- Vitamin B supplements may be used for low vitamin level.

- Blood transfusions may be used for blood loss.

- Medications may be used to induce production of red blood cells if the body's blood production is reduced.

When to consult a doctor?

A doctor should be consulted if:

  • If one suspects signs and symptoms of anemia like feeling tired all the time, even after having proper sleep.
  • If the medication prescribed by the doctor is causing any side effects.
  • Inform your doctor if the medicines prescribed are not effective in managing the symptoms.

Available Medicine for Anemia

Aropotin 2000IU

Rs.1084

Gene-Tech

Aropotin 4000IU

Rs.2000

Gene-Tech

Bioyetin 2000IU

Rs.1083.33

Medinet

Bioyetin 4000IU

Rs.2000

Medinet

Epiao 10000IU

Rs.4500

A.J Mirza

Epiao 2000IU

Rs.1029

A.J Mirza

Epiao 4000IU

Rs.1715

A.J Mirza

Epo 2000IU

Rs.1084

CCL

Epogen 10000IU

Rs.4500

Medipak

Epogen 2000IU

Rs.1084

Medipak

Epogen 4000IU

Rs.2000

Medipak

Epokine 10000IU

Rs.4845

RG Pharma

Epokine 2000IU

Rs.1100

RG Pharma

Epokine 2000IU

Rs.1035

RG Pharma

Epokine 2000IU

Rs.1035

RG Pharma

Epokine 4000IU

Rs.2270

RG Pharma

Epokine 4000IU

Rs.2270

RG Pharma

Epokine 4000IU

Rs.2270

RG Pharma

Eporon 10000IU

Rs.35350

Century

Eporon 2000IU

Rs.940

Century

Eporon 4000IU

Rs.1800

Century

Epotin 2000IU

Rs.1083

Julphar Pakistan

Epotin 2000IU

Rs.1083.3

Julphar Pakistan

Epotin 4000IU

Rs.2000

Julphar Pakistan

Epotin 4000IU

Rs.2000

Julphar Pakistan

Eprex 10000IU

Rs.21176.46

Janssen

Eprex 2000IU

Rs.5647.08

Janssen

Eprex 4000IU

Rs.11294.1

Janssen

Eritrogen 2000IU

Rs.900

Ferozsons

Eritrogen 4000IU

Rs.1800

Ferozsons

Espogen 10000IU

Rs.3530

Aster

Espogen 10000IU

Rs.3530

Aster

Espogen 2000IU

Rs.552

Aster

Espogen 2000IU

Rs.1104

Aster

Espogen 2000IU

Rs.920

Aster

Espogen 4000IU

Rs.425

Aster

Espogen 4000IU

Rs.1275

Aster

Espogen 4000IU

Rs.2550

Aster

Gerepo 2000IU

Rs.600

Titlis Pharma

Gerepo 4000IU

Rs.1150

Titlis Pharma

Hemax 10000IU

Rs.4500

Segionior

Hemax 2000IU

Rs.1593

Segionior

Hemax 2000IU

Rs.0

Segionior

Hemax 4000IU

Rs.3072.92

Segionior

Hemax 4000IU

Rs.0

Segionior

Pdpoetin 10000IU

Rs.4500

Nextar

Pdpoetin 2000IU

Rs.1084

Nextar

Pdpoetin 4000IU

Rs.2000

Nextar

Tropin 2000IU

Rs.1084

Global-Vision

Tropin 4000IU

Rs.2000

Global-Vision

Gerepo 4000 IU

Rs.2000

Titlis Pharma

Gerepo 2000 IU

Rs.1084

Titlis Pharma

Recormon 2000IU

Rs.1006.72

Roche

Recormon 2000IU

Rs.6864

Roche

Recormon 5000IU

Rs.3432

Roche

MOMFOLIC 30

Rs.200

Atco

Inofolic

Rs.85.8

Galaxy

Maltofer-Fol

Rs.147

OBS

Fefan DS 300+5mg

Rs.72.4

Amson

Fefan 150mg+0.5mg

Rs.11.33

Amson

Maxfol 400mg

Rs.93.33

High-Q

Suxeed Sachet

Rs.49

Aqmar

Slix

Rs.78

Matrix

Folic Acid 5mg

Rs.57.92

Zafa

Foreva Plus 400mcg

Rs.480

Matrix

Navidoxine 25mg/50mg

Rs.32.93

AGP

Femiroz

Rs.50

Efroze

En-Vepe

Rs.56.66

RG Pharma

Nausidox 10mg/10mg

Rs.56.33

OBS

Amdoxine 50mg

Rs.38

Amson

Envepe 10mg/10mg

Rs.62.46

Maple

Xyquil DR

Rs.50

Sami

Abocal

Rs.180.71

Abbott Laboratories

Vita-6 50mg

Rs.30.25

Mendoza