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Candidiasis

Description

Candidiasis refers to a fungal infection caused by a type of yeast known as candida. It may occur in the mouth and throat as oral thrush (oropharyngeal candidiasis), or as a genital yeast infection (genital candidiasis).

Causes

The following causes may result in a yeast infection, or oral thrush:

  • The use of antibiotics
  • The use of oral contraceptives, or hormone therapy
  • Pregnancy
  • Uncontrolled diabetes
Risk factors
  • A weakened immune system, especially in patients who have HIV/AIDS, or are undergoing cancer treatments are at a greater risk of developing candidal infections.
  • Uncontrolled diabetes
  • Medications that contain steroids may increase risk of developing thrush.
  • Wearing dentures increases the risk of developing oral thrush
Symptoms

Oral thrush:

  • Usually a white creamy looking lesion on the tongue, cheeks, gums, tonsils or roof of the mouth.
  • Redness with burning or soreness
  • A white lesion that can be scraped or rubbed off, to reveal a red surface underneath.
  • Loss of taste

Genital Yeast Infection:

  • It mostly affects women, but may occur in males, as an inflammation of the head of the penis and foreskin.

A vaginal yeast infection may have the following symptoms:

  • Itching or burning at the vaginal opening, this usually worsens during intercourse or urinating
  • White, cottage-cheese like vaginal discharge.
  • Redness and rash
  • Soreness or vaginal pain
Diagnosis

Oral Thrush:

Oral thrush can be diagnosed by

  • Taking a medical history and examining the lesion.
  • A scraping of the lesion may be used to evaluate under a microscope
  • Blood tests may be needed to help rule out any underlying disease
  • In some cases, a biopsy may be recommended

Genital yeast infections can be diagnosed with the help of:

  • A detailed medical history, including the frequency of yeast infections, or any sexually transmitted diseases.
  • Pelvic exam may be performed to inspect the vagina and cervix
  • A sample of vaginal discharge or secretions may be tested to determine the type of fungus causing the yeast infections
Management

Treatment for oral thrush includes:

  • Antifungal medication in the form of a liquid, tablet or lozenge may be recommended.
  • Oral medication may also be recommended if the topical treatment was ineffective.

Management for genital yeast infections may involve:

  • Antifungal creams or suppositories may be used. These include butoconazole, clotrimazole, miconazole and terconazole.
  • A single dose oral medication called fluconazole may be used if the topical medication is ineffective.
When to consult a doctor?
  • A doctor should be consulted if the prescribed treatment has not managed your symptoms effectively.
  • A doctor should also be consulted if your infections keep recurring even after being treated.

Available Medicine for Candidiasis

Albizole 5gm

Rs.110

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Albizole 500mg

Rs.64

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Calotren 100mg

Rs.80

Caylex

Calotren 500mg

Rs.70

Caylex

Canatrim 500mg

Rs.116.92

Helicon

Canesten Vaginal 5gm

Rs.97.37

Bayer Health Care

Canesten Vaginal 0.1g

Rs.128.09

Bayer Health Care

Canesten Vaginal 0.5g

Rs.111.83

Bayer Health Care

Cara-Clot 500mg

Rs.64

Caraway

Catazol-v 5gm

Rs.110

Metro

Catazol-v 500mg

Rs.64

Metro

Clinex 100mg

Rs.60

Global/Vision

Clinex 500mg

Rs.55

Global/Vision

Clokleen 100mg

Rs.60

Hygeia

Clokleen 500mg

Rs.64

Hygeia

Clomazole Vaginal 5gm

Rs.70

Pharma Wise

Clomazole Vaginal 500mg

Rs.60

Pharma Wise

Clonil vaginal 500mg

Rs.50

Mediceena

Clorizole 500mg

Rs.50

UniPharma

Cloteen-V 35gm

Rs.70

Highnoon

Clovag 500mg

Rs.65

Dr.Raza

Cloze 500mg

Rs.63

Mendoza

Clozim 100mg

Rs.80

Stanley

Clozim 500mg

Rs.75

Stanley

Clozol 500mg

Rs.64

Ottoman

Clozole Vaginal 100mg

Rs.64.6

Pearl

Clozole Vaginal 500mg

Rs.54

Pearl

Clozox Vaginal 35gm

Rs.63.7

Shaigan

Clozox Vaginal 500mg

Rs.54

Shaigan

Cosset 100mg

Rs.60

Rakaposhi

Creamazole vaginal 10gm

Rs.32

Valor / Al-Hameed

CTM 500mg

Rs.70

Batala Pharma

Davizol-V 35gm

Rs.70

Davis Pharma

Davizol-V 500mg

Rs.64

Davis Pharma

Dermotrim Vaginal 500mg

Rs.119.02

Geofman

E-Veg 500mg

Rs.50

Medera

Fungiderm-1 500mg

Rs.77

Goodman

Fungigray-V 5gm

Rs.110

Grays

Fungigray-V 100mg

Rs.60

Grays

Fungigray-V 500mg

Rs.60

Grays

Gynazol 100mg

Rs.74.12

Saydon

Gynazol 500mg

Rs.71.18

Saydon

Gynemed 100mg

Rs.80

Medicraft

Gynemed 500mg

Rs.70

Medicraft

Gyno 35gm

Rs.117

Tagma

Gyno 100mg

Rs.60

Tagma

Gyno 500mg

Rs.69

Tagma

Gynosafe 5mg

Rs.120.96

Bryon

Gynosafe 100mg

Rs.61.71

Bryon

Gynosafe 500mg

Rs.110.43

Bryon

Gynosporin 5gm

Rs.80

Nabiqasim

Gynosporin 35gm

Rs.117.06

Nabiqasim

Gynosporin 500mg

Rs.100.66

Nabiqasim

Gynotec 35gm

Rs.65

Noa Hemis

Gynotec 100mg

Rs.60

Noa Hemis

Gynotec 500mg

Rs.55

Noa Hemis

Gynotirm 500mg

Rs.64

Hansel

Gynox-V 500mg

Rs.64

Qintar Pharma

Gyny 500mg

Rs.73

Flow Pharma

Gyton 5gm

Rs.32

Everest

Gyton 500mg

Rs.64

Everest

Gytrim Vaginal 35gm

Rs.70

Friends

Gytrim Vaginal 500mg

Rs.50

Friends

Gyzan 100mg

Rs.60

Fozan

Gyzan 500mg

Rs.64

Fozan

Imazole 100mg

Rs.168.87

Himont

Imazole 500mg

Rs.144.84

Himont

Leuconil 35gm

Rs.75

Hizat

Leuconil 500mg

Rs.70

Hizat

Macrolex 500mg

Rs.60.95

Bloom Pharma

Mak-Maz 500mg

Rs.64

Makson

Mizole 500mg

Rs.88.24

Pharmix

Mycofax 500mg

Rs.70

Ideal

Mycovag 100mg

Rs.60

Alliance

Mycovag 500mg

Rs.55

Alliance

Myoprex 100mg

Rs.60

Paramount

Myoprex 500mg

Rs.64

Paramount

Normoflor 100mg

Rs.70

Usawa

Normoflor 500mg

Rs.64

Usawa

Oligyn 500mg

Rs.65

Platinium

Oligyn 35gm

Rs.60

Platinium

Oligyn 100mg

Rs.65

Platinium

Spectrazole G 1%/0.1%

Rs.66

Mass / Ph. Health

Clozole-H 10gm

Rs.60

Pearl

Stiemazol

Rs.79.06

GlaxoSmithKline