view bucket

view bucket

Hydatid cyst

Description

Hydatid cyst or echinococcosis is a zoonotic disease (Infectious disease caused by transmission of microorganism from infected animals) caused by parasites of the genus echinococcus (Echinococcus granulosus and Echinococcus multilocularis). The infection is spread through eggs which are transmitted from dogs, foxes, wolves, and other canines. It has two types:

 

  1. Cystic echinococcosis
  2. Alveolar echinococcosis.
Causes

The only causes are:

  1. Eating undercooked meat of sheep, cow, and goat that has grazed on polluted grass (with dog feces) since dogs carry this parasite commonly.
  2. Hand-to-mouth route after patting or touching a dog and then eating with unwashed hands.

There is no human to human transmission of disease.

Risk factors

The risk is high if:

  • You have a pet dog that is infected.
  • If you have a habit of eating out and eating from unhygienic places.
  • Eating without proper hand washing.
Symptoms

The presence of cysts in various organs present with different symptoms.

  • Liver cysts cause stomachache, enlarged tummy, vomiting, motions, jaundice, loss of appetite, weight loss, in extreme situation bloody vomiting.
  • Lung (and rarely heart) invasion causes a cough, chest-heaviness, chest pain and blood in spit if cysts burst.

 In cases of complication, the cysts can cause organs to fail or bursting of cyst can lead to infections of other body organs.

Diagnosis

Diagnosing hydatid cyst requires:

  • Blood, urine, stool tests when a burst cyst is suspected.
  • X-rays, ultrasounds, CT scans and MRI for getting a visual of cysts present in organs.
  • Taking a specimen of cyst fluid and doing a microscopic test.
Management

Management usually depends upon multiple factors like site and size of the cyst, and severity of the disease. The management includes:

 

  • Surgical management: It is the treatment of choice for cysts that can be easily removed.
  • Pharmacological management: Mebendazole, Albendazole, and Praziquantel are used for the treatment of inoperable lung cysts.
  • PAIR (Puncture, aspiration, injection, and re-aspiration): This method is used for multiple cysts, daughter cysts, or relapse after surgery.
When to consult a doctor?

Extremely painful condition with frequent vomiting and blood in stool is an alarm signal of rushing to a doctor who will perform tests and give the needed medical care.

Available Medicine for Hydatid cyst

Alba 200mg

Rs.15

Pakheim

Albagen 100mg

Rs.19

Genera

Albagen 200mg

Rs.78

Genera

Albagen 200mg

Rs.17

Genera

Alben 100mg

Rs.25

Bryon

Alben 200mg

Rs.17

Bryon

Albendazole Tablet 200mg

Rs.10

Batala Pharma

Albendix 100mg

Rs.16

Neo Medix

Albendix 200mg

Rs.17

Neo Medix

Albendo 200mg

Rs.13

Davis Pharma

Albendol 200mg

Rs.10

Global-Vision

Albenza 100mg

Rs.19

Paramount

Albenza 200mg

Rs.17

Paramount

Alfoz 100mg

Rs.16

Fozan

Aliz 200mg

Rs.17

Glitz

Almed 100mg

Rs.16

Rakahposhi

Alovac 100mg

Rs.15.56

Siza

Alovac 200mg

Rs.36.56

Siza

Anthel 200mg

Rs.78

Medela

Anthel 200mg

Rs.17

Medela

Benda 100mg

Rs.25

Pharmadic

Benda 200mg

Rs.17

Pharmadic

Bendazol 100mg

Rs.25

Stanely

Bendazol 200mg

Rs.17.84

Stanely

Bendole 100mg

Rs.18.5

Pharma Wise

Bendole 200mg

Rs.84

Pharma Wise

Bendole 200mg

Rs.16.5

Pharma Wise

Bendole 200mg

Rs.170

Pharma Wise

Bentil 100mg

Rs.16

Alliance

Bentil 200mg

Rs.10

Alliance

Desite 100mg

Rs.19

Shaheen

Endzole 200mg

Rs.10

Fynk

Gibenda 200mg

Rs.50

Nimrall

Gibenda 200mg

Rs.10

Nimrall

Intestinil 100mg

Rs.25

Sapient

Jantal 100mg

Rs.19

Irza

Jantal 200mg

Rs.19

Irza

Jenzole 100mg

Rs.19

Jawa

Jenzole 200mg

Rs.50

Jawa

Jenzole 200mg

Rs.10

Jawa

Nenzole 100mg

Rs.15

Nenza

Nenzole 200mg

Rs.17

Nenza

Polyworm 100mg

Rs.22

Polyfine

Polyworm 200mg

Rs.17

Polyfine

Qentel 200mg

Rs.50

Wilshire

Randazol 100mg

Rs.17

Regent

Randazol 200mg

Rs.15

Regent

Robiazole 200mg

Rs.11

Zinta

Valopalac 200mg

Rs.50

Valor

Valopalac 200mg

Rs.10

Valor

Vapalac 200mg

Rs.50

Valor

Verid 200mg

Rs.13.6

Candid

Verpel 100mg

Rs.17

Hizat

Verpel 200mg

Rs.15

Hizat

Worcyt 200mg

Rs.17

Qintar Pharma

Wormed 100mg

Rs.19

Medicraft

Wormed 200mg

Rs.72.94

Medicraft

Wormed 200mg

Rs.17

Medicraft

Wormgo 100mg

Rs.15

Mediceena

Wormgo 200mg

Rs.100

Mediceena

Wormnor 100mg

Rs.19

Wahab Sons

Wormocid 100mg

Rs.24.07

Delta Pharma

Wormocid 200mg

Rs.20

Delta Pharma

Xedol 100mg

Rs.19

Xenon

Xedol 200mg

Rs.17

Xenon

Zavic 100mg

Rs.19

Harmann

Zavic 200mg

Rs.17

Harmann

Zentel 200mg

Rs.31.09

GlaxoSmithKline

Zentel 200mg

Rs.28.42

GlaxoSmithKline

Zolive 100mg

Rs.17

Olive Health Care