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Hyperlipidemia

Description

Cholesterol is a type of fat in the blood that is essential for normal functioning of the cells, nerves, and hormones, but if it exceeds the normal limits it becomes harmful. Increased level of cholesterol in the body is known as hyperlipidemia.

Following are the different types of cholesterol in our body:

  • LDL (low-density lipoprotein): It is the bad kind of cholesterol that carries and deposits the fat along the walls of arteries causing them to become hard and narrower.
  • HDL (high-density lipoprotein): It is the good kind of cholesterol that carries the extra fat to the liver without depositing them along the walls of the arteries. It helps lower the risk of heart attacks.
  • Triglycerides: It stores and transports fat in the blood. Excess calories (especially sugar and alcohol) are stored this way.
Causes

There are several causes that contribute to increased levels of cholesterol in our body. Some of the following include:

  • Family tendency (you are at a higher risk if your siblings or parents have it)
  • Weight (being overweight with very little physical activity can predispose people to high cholesterol)
  • Unhealthy diet (having foods that have high cholesterol, trans fat and saturated fat level)
  • Age (increasing age increases the risk)

 

Risk factors

PREVENTABLE:

  • Smoking
  • Alcohol
  • Unhealthy diet (eating foods such as full-fat dairy products, meat and processed food)
  • Sedentary lifestyle (lack of physical exercise)

NON PREVENTABLE:

  • Hypertension (high blood pressure)
  • Diabetes
  • Hypothyroidism (underactive thyroid gland)
  • Polycystic ovarian disease
  • Pregnancy

 

Symptoms

Hyperlipidemia usually presents with no signs and symptoms but puts you at a greater risk of developing other medical illnesses:

  • High blood pressure (fat starts to build up along the walls of the arteries which causes them to become narrower that might shoot up the blood pressure)
  • Heart attack (fat build-up may form a blood clot that might travel to the heart and cause a heart attack)
  • Stroke
  • Diabetes
  • Xanthelasma (in rare cases high cholesterol may start getting deposited around eyes)
Diagnosis

Diagnosis is done by a blood test called a lipoprotein panel that suggests the levels of LDL, HDL and triglycerides in the body. This test is usually done after a period of overnight fasting of 10 to 12 hours without any food, drink or pills. 

Management
  • Diet modification (one should choose high fiber foods e.g. oatmeal, apples, bananas and foods that are low in fat)
  • Lifestyle modification is required (regular exercise)
  • Limit alcohol
  • Medications like cholesterol-lowering drugs e.g. statins, fibrates, niacin, resins.
When to consult a doctor?

A medical professional should be consulted right away if one feels a sudden chest pain, shortness of breath, dizziness, numbness, slurred speech and difficulty in walking.

 

Available Medicine for Hyperlipidemia

Lipiget 10mg

Rs.180

Getz

Lipiget 20mg

Rs.365

Getz

Lipiget 40mg

Rs.450

Getz

Lipitor 10mg

Rs.662.81

Pfizer

Lipitor 20mg

Rs.1128.6

Pfizer

Stat-A 20mg

Rs.130.2

High Q Int.

Lipirex 10mg

Rs.170

Highnoon

AM-Descol 5/10mg

Rs.115

Nabi Qasim

Pro-statin 20mg

Rs.300

CCL

Atorva 10mg

Rs.218.5

Pharmatec

Lipitor 40mg

Rs.2019.6

Pfizer

Lochol 10 mg 10mg

Rs.109.67

Scilife

Lipirex 20mg

Rs.325

Highnoon

Stat-A 40mg

Rs.208.25

High Q Int.

Stat-A 10mg

Rs.224

High Q Int.

Gempid 600mg

Rs.95.44

Atco

Pitalo 2mg

Rs.250

Genix

Rovista 5mg

Rs.150

Getz

Rovista 10mg

Rs.250

Getz

Rovista 20mg

Rs.420

Getz

X-plended 20mg

Rs.400

Pharmevo

X-plended 10mg

Rs.230

Pharmevo

X-plended 5mg

Rs.158.7

Pharmevo

Omnitor 5mg

Rs.141.06

Macter

Omnitor 10mg

Rs.235

Macter

Omnitor 20mg

Rs.330

Macter

Rolip 10mg

Rs.230

Hilton

Rolip 20mg

Rs.390

Hilton

Vaptor 10mg

Rs.212

Searle

Roviros 10mg

Rs.180

Nabi Qasim

Xovat 5mg

Rs.127.65

OBS

Xovat 10 mg

Rs.212

OBS

Xovat 20mg

Rs.425

OBS

Rosubar 20mg

Rs.356.5

Barret Hodgson

Rosubar 5mg

Rs.135.79

Barrett Hodgson

Loster 5mg

Rs.120

Helix Pharma

Vaptor 20mg

Rs.380

Searle

Rosuvax 10mg

Rs.235.1

Asian Cintinental

Roviros 10mg

Rs.220

Nabi Qasim

Rosubar 10mg

Rs.241.82

Barret Hodgson

Loster 20mg

Rs.385

Helix

Rast 5 mg

Rs.130

Tabros Pharma

Crestat 20mg

Rs.442.75

CCL

Recol 10mg

Rs.216.01

Barrett Hodgson

Recol 20mg

Rs.357.26

Barrett Hodgson

Survive 10mg

Rs.170

Werrick

Survive 20mg

Rs.320

Werrick

Zocor 10mg

Rs.336.96

OBS

Zocor 20mg

Rs.671.67

OBS

Zocor 40mg

Rs.1010.88

OBS

Simbex 20mg/10mg

Rs.290

Searle